Papua New Guinea is comprised of the most active volcanoes in the South West Pacific. These volcanoes stretch from the North coast of New Guinea (near the border of Indonesia) to Bougainville Island in the East. The most noted and active volcanoes are Manam, Karkar, Lamington, Langila, Ulawun, Rabaul, and Bagana.
For this entry, I have chosen to highlight Rabaul and Manam. Rabaul is one of the most active volcanoes in Papua New Guinea and also noted as one of the most dangerous. Rabaul has had major eruptions 3500 and 1400 years ago. The most famous eruption, however, was only 17 years ago in 1994. The 1994 eruption of Rabaul destroyed Rabaul City, the largest town on New Britain Island. The most recent eruptions in 2008 and 2009 affected Matupit Island and forced most of the island’s inhabitants to relocate. Manam Volcano is located just off the Papua New Guinea coast. Manam is a stratavolcano composed of alternating layers of ash and sediment from previous eruptions. It is one of Papua New Guinea’s most active volcanoes and has been the cause of death for inhabitants in the years of 1996, 2004, and 2007. One noted burst of activity was the 2009 plume spotted from Manam that led to no eruption or severe damage.
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Brittane Maddox, February 21, 2011