Mt Fuji

Mount Fuji is known worldwide as one of Japan’s symbols. It is named for the Buddhist fire goddess Fuchi, and though it may not hold too great of meaning to outsiders, the Japanese consider it the holiest of their three scared mountains and place great importance in it.

Despite it’s beauty and serene appearance, Fuji is indeed a “perfectly” shaped stratovolcano. Fuji last erupted in 1707. This eruption began on December 16th and lasted into the next year until January 1st. Although there was no lava flow, the volcano erupted an immense amount of ash, the estimated amount to be around 800,000,000 m³. Fields and crops were ruined and the falling volcanic ash contaminated freshwater streams. As a result of this many parts of Japan suffered from famine and slowly starved. The ash in the rivers slowly settled to the bottom, and caused many of them to become shallower. The Sakawa river flooded because volcanic ash flew and made temporary dams here and there and eventually the downpour of rain the year following the eruption caused an avalanche of volcanic ash and mud and broke the dams, causing the flooding.

As of now Mt Fuji is till considered to be an active volcano, but the chance of an eruption any time soon has been deemed to be low.

Above is a view of Fuji in the spring time

http://japaneseprints.org/

Mt Fuji has been inspiring art for centuries, and above is a well known print of it by the japanese artist Hokusai.

Another view of Fuji

If you’ve got the patience, above is a fun and interesting video tracking two guys attempting to climb Mt Fuji.

Sources:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoei_eruption_of_Mount_Fuji

http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0803-03=

http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2172.html

Priya Nalluri 4/12/11

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